Circular schemes based on recycling end-of-life nets to produce recycled nets does not seem to have, currently, economic
viability since recycled nets are much more expensive than regular nets.
Directive (EU) 2019/883 on port reception facilities for the delivery of waste from ships refers only to nets as the
passively fished waste. To design a complete removal and recycling process of the aquaculture (and fishery) gear, it
would be necessary to include other equipment and material,
High-level policy makers show little awareness of the necessity to develop specific decrees for the EPR system. Besides,
an EPR system is very complex and needs the involvement of many sectors and many public and private institutions.
In Greece, it is the Municipalities’ duty to collect the mussel farming waste, but the mussel farmers should be
charged for this service. As there are no proper disposal points, farmers often burn the nets and pile barrels close to
There are no containers for small size material.
There is a lack of protocols for the cleaning and recovery of materials prior to recycling. There is a resistance to
collecting all types of materials in ports. For example, dirty materials are not taken by all recyclers.
Waste management points or recycling centres are not usually near the collection points for aquaculture litter and the
transportation costs are very expensive (payment of taxes or management/transport of waste to waste management facility.
Even more, some ports do not have facilities for collecting nets or other type of waste.
There is additional legislation needed (decrees) to put in place specific EPR schemes in Spain.